On September the 26th 2009 typhoon Ketsana (local name Ondoy) hit the Philippines. Metro Manila was faced with a rapid onset flood from the typhoon rains and flooding of the Marikina and Nangka rivers. 455 mm of rainwater fell in 24 hours, killing 747 people and displacing hundreds of thousands of people. Ketsana’s destruction created the political space to finally push the Disaster Risk Reduction Management (DRRM) 2010 legislation through congress. On November 8th 2013, Typhoon Haiyan (local name Yolanda)hit the central part of the Philippines affecting 14.1 million people, killing 6000 people and destroying more than 1 million homes. The total cost of damage is estimated at £536 million.
Linking Preparedness Resilience and Response in Emergency Contexts (LPRR) is a START DEPP DfID funded 3 year, consortium led project which is aimed at strengthening humanitarian programming for more resilient communities. This project recognises the term ‘community’ as a collective group of at risk,exposed residents. For this paper the communities include thoseliving in the two study site areas: Taytay and Mahayag. The consortium is led by Christian Aid and includes Action Aid, Concern Worldwide, Help Age, Kings College London, Muslim Aid, Oxfam, Saferworld and World Vision. The countries of focus include Kenya, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Democratic Republic Congo, Colombia, Indonesia and the Philippines and cover a multi-risk profile.
The research asked community members, field staff, government officials and other key stakeholders what the biggest challenges were in implementing resilience informed humanitarian response and what they would recommend for improved practice. The over-all message coming out of the Philippines was that the community want to be involved from the offset. The community want to have a purpose and agency and not be perceived as powerless victims dependent on aid.
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