Rakhine State is the least developed state in Myanmar, characterized by high population density and malnutrition rates, low-income levels, poverty and weak infrastructure. Conditions are worsened by two cyclone seasons, with associated flash flooding and landslides, during the rainy season.
Inter-community violence in parts of Rakhine State commenced in early June 2012, and flared once more in October 2012, resulting in the deaths of 167 people and injuries to 223 people. Over 10,000 buildings, including homes, churches and public buildings were damaged or destroyed and approximately 145,000 people were displaced. This generated two distinct IDP caseloads: those displaced
from urban areas and those from rural areas.
In 2015, approximately 25,000 people in rural locations were able to vacate their temporary shelter, assisted through this project. 60% reconstructed in their place of origin and 40% in new locations. This resulted in the number of camps (or camplike settings) decreasing from 67 to 36. However, at the time of writing, almost 120,000 IDPs still resided in camps.
This was a beneficiary-led, cash-based, project that allowed families displaced due to inter-communal violence to vacate their temporary shelter and rebuild their houses. The project enabled the construction of 4,737 houses for a marginalized group in a highly volatile environment, where some stakeholders were keen to use a contractor-driven approach.
For the full case study, including strengths, challenges and lessons learned, please click here.
Thank you to Shelter Projects for contributing this learning.
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